Abstract: The concerns of education and practice of architecture
do not necessarily overlap. Indeed the gap between them could be
seen increasingly and less frequently bridged. We suggest that
changing in architecture education and clarifying the relationship
between these two can help to find and address the opportunities and
unique positions to bridge this gulf.
Abstract: Since the admission of Islam onto the Malay World in
16th century, the Malay culture began to grow in line with the
teachings of Islam as a guide of life. Mosque become a symbol of
Muslim communities, as well as the cultural values that have been
adapted represent the maturity and readiness of Malay Muslim in
manifest a lifestyle tradition into the community. Refinement of
ornament that used to take from Hindu-Buddhist beliefs before were
adopted and refined to the Islamic values based on the teachings of
al-Quran and as-Sunnah delivered a certain message to convey a
meaning to the observer. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze
the typology and classification of ornaments in Malaysia-s traditional
mosque as a channel to the community towards understanding of the
identity and also the framework of design thinking in ornaments
particularly to the urban mosques in Malaysia.
Abstract: Iran has diverse climates and each have established distinct properties in their area. The extent and intensity of climatic factors effects on the lives of people living in various regions of Iran is so great that it cannot be simply ignored. In a large part of Iran known as the Central Plateau there is no precipitation for more than half of the year and dry weather and scarcity of fresh water pose an ever present problem for the people of these regions while in north of Iran upon the southern shores of the Caspian Sea the people face 80% humidity caused by the sea and 2 meters of annual precipitation. This article tries to review the past experiences of local architecture of Iran-s various regions so that they can be used to reshape and redirect the urban areas and structure of Iran-s current cities to provide environmental comfort by minimum use of fossil fuels.
Abstract: Buildings are considered as significant part in the
cities, which plays main role in organization and arrangement of city
appearance, which is affects image of that building facades, as an
connective between inner and outer space, have a main role in city
image and they are classified as rich image and poor image by people
evaluation which related to visual architectural and urban elements in
building facades. the buildings in Karimi street , in Lahijan city
where, lies in north of Iran, contain the variety of building's facade
types which, have made a city image in Historical part of Lahijan
city, while reflected the Iranian cities identity. The study attempt to
identify the architectural and urban elements that impression the
image of building facades in historical area, based on public
evaluation. Quantitative method were used and the data was collected
through questionnaire survey, the result presented architectural style,
color, shape, and design evaluated by people as most important factor
which should be understate in future development. in fact, the rich
architectural style with strong design make strong city image as weak
design make poor city image.
Abstract: The architecture of Safavid Dynasty can be considered the epitome of Iranian architectural beauty. Safavid dynasty (1501- 1722 AC) along with Ottoman in Turkey and Mughal Empire in India were the three great Islamic nations of their time (1500 AC) often known as the last Islamic countries with international authority up to the 20th Century. This era approximately coincide with Renaissance in Europe. In this era, large European countries begin amassing power thanks to significant scientific, cultural and religious revolutions of that time and colonizing nations such as England, Spain and Portugal began to influence international trends with in an increasing while other non-industrial nations diminished. The main objective of this paper is to give a typological overview of the development of decoration and ornament in the architecture of Safafid Dynasty in Iran. It is expected that it can start a wider discussion to enrich this nation-s heritage and contribute to the development of Islamic ornament in general.