Abstract: Hot aqueous and methanol extracts of the two selected
herbal medicines such are Vellarugu chooranam (V.C) and
Amukkirai Chooranam (A.C) were examined for total phenolic and
flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant activity using four
different methods. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents in
methanol extract of V.C were found to be higher (44.41±1.26mg
GAE/g; 174.44±9.32mg QE/g) than in the methanol extract of A.C
(20.56±0.67mg GAE/g; 7.21±0.85mg QE/g). Hot methanol and
aqueous extracts of both medicines showed low antioxidant activity
in DPPH, ABTS, and FRAP methods and Iron chelating activity not
found at highest possible concentration. V.C contains higher
concentrations of total phenolic and flavonoid contents than A.C and
can also exert greater antioxidant activity than A.C, although the
activities demonstrated were lower than the positive control Trolox.
The in vitro antioxidant activity was not related with the total
phenolic and flavonoid contents of the methanol and aqueous extracts
of both herbal medicines (A.C and V.C).
Abstract: There is a growing interest in the food industry and in preventive health care for the development and evaluation of natural antioxidants from medicinal plant materials. In the present work, extracts of three medicinal plants (Tilia argentea, Crataegi folium leaves and Polygonum bistorta roots) used in Turkish phytotheraphy were screened for their phenolic profiles and antioxidant properties. Crude extracts were obtained from different parts of plants, by solidliquid extraction with pure water, 70% acetone and 70% methanol aqueous solvents. The antioxidant activity of the extracts was determined by ABTS.+ radical cation scavenging activity. The Folin Ciocalteu procedure was used to assess the total phenolic concentrations of the extracts as gallic acid equivalents. A modified liquid chromatography-electro spray ionization-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS) was used to obtain chromatographic profiles of the phenolic compounds in the medicinal plants. The predominant phenolic compounds detected in different extracts of the plants were catechin, protocatechuic and chlorogenic acids. The highest phenolic contents were obtained by using 70% acetone as aqueous solvent, whereas the lowest phenolic contents were obtained by water extraction due to Folin Ciocalteu results. The results indicate that acetone extracts of Tilia argentea had the highest antioxidant capacity as free ABTS radical scavengers. The lowest phenolic contents and antioxidant capacities were obtained from Polygonum bistorta root extracts.