Abstract: This paper presents the two loop proportional integral (PI) controller for speed control of permanent magnet DC motor (PMDC) motor drive with H-bridge DC chopper. PMDC motors are widely used in many applications because of having a good performance and it is easy to apply the speed control. The speed can be adjusted by using armature voltage control as it had only the armature circuit. H-bridge DC chopper circuit is used to obtain the desired speed in any direction. In this system, the two loop PI controller is designed by using pole-zero cancellation method. The speed and current controller gains are considered depending on the sampling frequency of the microcontroller. An Arduino IO package is used to implement the control algorithm. Both simulation and experimental results are presented to prove the correctness of the mathematical model.
Abstract: Solar photovoltaic (SPV) power systems can be
employed as electrical power sources to meet the daily residential
energy needs of rural areas that have no access to grid systems.
In view of this, a standalone SPV powered air cooling system is
proposed in this paper, which constitutes a dc-dc boost converter,
two voltage source inverters (VSI) connected to two brushless dc
(BLDC) motors which are coupled to a centrifugal water pump and
a fan blower. A simple and efficient Maximum Power Point Tracking
(MPPT) technique based on Silver Mean Method (SMM) is utilized
in this paper. The air cooling system is developed and simulated using
the MATLAB / Simulink environment considering the dynamic and
steady state variation in the solar irradiance.
Abstract: This paper presents a comparative study of various
controllers for the speed control of DC motor. The most commonly
used controller for the speed control of dc motor is Proportional-
Integral (P-I) controller. However, the P-I controller has some
disadvantages such as: the high starting overshoot, sensitivity to
controller gains and sluggish response due to sudden disturbance. So,
the relatively new Integral-Proportional (I-P) controller is proposed to
overcome the disadvantages of the P-I controller. Further, two Fuzzy
logic based controllers namely; Fuzzy control and Neuro-fuzzy
control are proposed and the performance these controllers are
compared with both P-I and I-P controllers. Simulation results are
presented and analyzed for all the controllers. It is observed that
fuzzy logic based controllers give better responses than the traditional
P-I as well as I-P controller for the speed control of dc motor drives.
Abstract: The power buck converter is the most widely used
DC/DC converter topology. They have a very large application area
such as DC motor drives, photovoltaic power system which require
fast transient responses and high efficiency over a wide range of load
current. This work proposes, the modelling of DC/DC power buck
converter using state-space averaging method and the current-mode
control using a proportional-integral controller. The efficiency of the
proposed model and control loop are evaluated with operating point
changes. The simulation results proved the effectiveness of the linear
model of DC/DC power buck converter.
Abstract: DC-DC converters are widely used in regulated switched mode power supplies and in DC motor drive applications. There are several sources of unwanted nonlinearity in practical power converters. In addition, their operation is characterized by switching that gives birth to a variety of nonlinear dynamics. DC-DC buck and boost converters controlled by pulse-width modulation (PWM) have been simulated. The voltage waveforms and attractors obtained from the circuit simulation have been studied. With the onset of instability, the phenomenon of subharmonic oscillations, quasi-periodicity, bifurcations, and chaos have been observed. This paper is mainly motivated by potential contributions of chaos theory in the design, analysis and control of power converters, in particular and power electronics circuits, in general.