Abstract: This study is aimed to investigate feasibility of the
aerobic biological process to treat oily wastewater from palm oil food
industry. Effect of aeration and sludge concentrations are studied.
Raw sludge and raw wastewater was mixed and acclimatized for five
days in a stirred tank reactor. The aeration rate (no aeration, low;
1.5L/min and high rate; 2L/min) and sludge concentration (3675,
7350, and 11025mg/L of VSS) were varied. Responses of process
were pH, COD, oil and grease, VSS, and PHB content. It was found
that the treatment can remove 85.1 to 97.1 % of COD and remove
12.9 to 54.8% of oil & grease. The PHB yield was found to be within
0.15% to 2.4% as PHB/VSS ratio and 0.01% to 0.12% as PHB/COD
removed. The higher aeration results a high COD removal and oil &
grease removal, while experiment without aeration gives better PHB
yield. Higher sludge concentrations (11025mg/L VSS) give higher
removal of oil & grease while moderate sludge concentration
(7350mg/L VSS) give better result in COD removal. Higher PHB
yield is obtained in low sludge concentration (3675mg/L).
Abstract: The adsorption of simulated aqueous solution containing textile remazol reactive dye, namely Red 3BS by palm shell activated carbon (PSAC) as adsorbent was carried out using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). A Box-Behnken design in three most important operating variables; initial dye concentration, dosage of adsorbent and speed of impeller was employed for experimental design and optimization of results. The significance of independent variables and their interactions were tested by means of the analysis of variance (ANOVA) with 95% confidence limits. Model indicated that with the increasing of dosage and speed give the result of removal up to 90% with the capacity uptake more than 7 mg/g. High regression coefficient between the variables and the response (R-Sq = 93.9%) showed of good evaluation of experimental data by polynomial regression model.